Varicose veins are enlargement of the superficial veins, which is accompanied by valve failure and impaired blood flow in the affected vessel. Most often, varicose veins affect the veins of the legs - they become larger, darker and twisty. In addition to an aesthetic defect, the disease causes pain, heaviness in the legs and swelling, and without treatment it can provoke serious complications.
According to statisticsvaricose veins are more common in women, but in men the disease is common - in about 32% (for comparison, the figure among women is 40%). Statistics destroy the stereotypical opinion that varicose veins are an exclusively female problem.
Symptoms of varicose veins in men
At first, varicose veins develop almost imperceptibly: a small vascular network of a blue or purple hue appears on the skin. In this case, pain and other symptoms, as a rule, do not bother yet. They appear later. However, already in this case, it is worth visiting a phlebologist and being examined. The development of the disease at an early stage can be slowed down with the help of drug therapy and physical therapy, while surgery is possible at a later stage.
Symptoms of varicose veins can be:
- bloating, enlargement and tortuosity of veins;
- the appearance of vascular "asterisks";
- itching of the skin and / or a change in its color near the affected vessels;
- a burning sensation in the muscles of the legs;
- pain in the legs;
- swelling of the legs, especially in the ankle area;
- heaviness in the legs;
- bruising after minor bruises;
- fast fatiguability.
The appearance of even several of the listed symptoms may indicate the onset of the disease.
The reasons for the development of varicose veins in men
The development of varicose veins occurs mainly with weakness of the venous walls, dysfunction or valve failure. They play a key role in the process of normal blood circulation. Through the veins of the legs, blood moves from bottom to top in the direction of the heart, and the valves prevent the backflow of blood by gravity. If they do not cope with their function, the blood flow is disturbed, the load increases and the vessels dilate. In turn, if the diameter of the vein increases, the valve can no longer close it. This is how varicose veins develop.
The main causes of varicose veins in men are:
- genetic predisposition;
- chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- professional sports;
- hard physical work;
- standing in a standing position throughout the day;
- lack of physical activity;
- irrational nutrition (preference for fatty, fried, smoked foods, etc. );
- bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol).
Diagnosis of varicose veins in men
To diagnose varicose veins, you need to sign up for a consultationto a phlebologist- he specializes mainly in the treatment of leg veins. During the appointment, the doctor will conduct an examination, externally assess the degree of swelling of the veins and perform ultrasound Doppler ultrasound. Also, the doctor will ask you to describe the complaints, talk about the lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases. Based on this, the specialist will make a preliminary diagnosis.
For diagnosticsvaricose veins and the degree of venous lesions phlebologist can prescribe:
- Doppler ultrasound - allows you to determine the compaction of the walls of the veins, the diameter of the veins, the state of the valves and blood flow;
- phlebography - X-ray examination with contrast;
- laboratory blood tests and other hardware tests.
What examinations the patient needs, the doctor determines after examining and evaluating complaints.
Treatment of varicose veins in men
For varicose veins, applyboth medical and surgical treatment. . . The first is effective in the early stages of the disease. When the veins are severely distended, surgical removal is usually required. Now such operations are successfully carried out using minimally invasive techniques.
Conservative therapy is aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels, normalizing blood circulation and eliminating painful symptoms. For this, the doctor may prescribe venotonics, anticoagulants in tablets, as well as ointments and compression stockings. Sometimes this treatment removes the signs of the disease, but does not stop its development. In these cases, surgical treatment is recommended.
Depending on the stage of the disease, the presence of complications and other individual factors, the vascular surgeon may prescribe one of the minimally invasive methods of surgical treatment.
The methods of surgical treatment of varicose veins are:
- Miniflebectomy.It is prescribed for extensive varicose veins, severe symptoms of the disease and the development of complications. The procedure involves the surgical removal of the affected vessels. As a rule, one or more punctures are made on the skin through which the veins are removed.
- Microsclerotherapy.They are used mainly for the treatment of spider veins. A drug is injected into the veins, which blocks their lumen. The veins stick together, and the external defect disappears immediately.
- Foam sclerotherapy.Used for varicose veins of different stages and localization. A foamy sclerosant is injected into the veins, causing them to stick together.
- Endovasal laser coagulation. Used for varicose veins of 2 and 3 stages. The laser is injected into a vein through a small puncture and with its help sclerotherapy (gluing) of the vein is performed.
In all cases, the blood flow through the dilated veins is stopped and redistributed to other vessels. Varicose veins most often affect only the superficial veins, through which about 10% of the blood passes. When they are removed, it goes to deep veins, which quickly adapt to the increased load. Thus, the treatment does not harm the blood supply to the extremities.
Prevention of varicose veins
To reduce the risk of developing varicose veins, phlebologists recommend:
- maintain an optimal level of physical activity;
- alternate rest, sedentary work with physical activity;
- raise your legs more often, put on a highchair for your feet;
- maintain a normal body weight;
- eat properly;
- to refuse from bad habits;
- do not wear tight clothing and uncomfortable shoes.
Do men have varicose veins?
Varicose veins in men happens and quite often. According to statistics, the disease occurs in 32% of men. In young and middle age, the prevalence of the disease among women is higher, but in the elderly it is the same.
What is the danger of varicose veins in men?
In men, as in women, the disease can cause complications: trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency and others.
How to identify varicose veins in men?
To diagnose varicose veins, you need to contact a phlebologist. The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe studies - Doppler ultrasound and others. You can also identify the disease yourself by detecting swollen twisting veins.