Varicose veins: causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease

Statistics published on the official website show that varicose veins are observed in half of the world's population. Most patients with this disease do not realize the full extent of its severity. Every second patient is not involved in solving this problem and survives to the formation of venous trophic ulcers.

What is varicose veins?

healthy and varicose vein

Varicose veins or varicose veins are swollen veins under the skin, which form mainly on the surface of the muscles of the lower extremities. The veins take on an irregular, tortuous shape of a light or dark blue color. In parallel, the so-called "nodes" (valves) are formed, which disrupt the normal outflow of blood to the soft tissues of the limbs. When the valves cut off the blood supply, the pressure in the veins rises.

High pressure begins to push out the blood, thereby expanding the walls of the veins and blood vessels. The edges of the damaged veins are pressed against the skin, become thin and visible visually. Thus, a vascular "web" is formed, which is visible through the layer of the epidermis.

Important! If any suspicious formations are found, it is urgent to contact a specialist for help. In a neglected state, "home" treatment will not bring the desired results.

Causes of varicose veins

At the moment, many reasons have been identified that can cause varicose veins, including overweight, a sedentary lifestyle, pregnancy, wearing socks and tights with tight elastic bands, as well as other items of clothing. These are the primary causes of the disease. Varicose veins in men are several times less common than in women.

Varicose veins are observed in patients with abnormal blood circulation in the veins. The main causes of varicose veins:

Cause Consequence
Long standing body position Experts have proven that varicose veins arise from excessive pressure in the veins of the lower extremities, which is exerted on them by a body that is in a long standing position. Diseases are prone to people who spend a lot of time on their feet (employees of shops, factories, etc. )
Human genetic predisposition In 65% of patients, the disease is inherited. This risk can be avoided if the disease is prevented at an early age.
Fixed lifestyle and features of the profession At the beginning of the 21st century, experts proposed a new term for the disease - "digital varicose veins". This is due to the immobile lifestyle of people who spend more than 50% of their time at the computer.
Endocrine and hormonal disorders This mainly applies to pregnant women. As a rule, during this period there is a hormonal failure, which leads to blood stasis. Also dangerous can be considered puberty and the period after childbirth. It is at these moments that varicose veins in the groin and genitals are most often diagnosed in women.
Mechanical obstruction to the circulation of blood through the veins This may be a blood clot, a malignant tumor and other seals.
Disorders of the nervous system Nervous disorders and stress can negatively affect veins and blood vessels, reducing the elasticity of their walls.

The causes of varicose veins can be avoided if you monitor your health and take timely preventive measures.

Symptoms of the disease

In order not to "oversleep" the moment of the onset of the development of varicose veins in the lower extremities, it is necessary to know and understand the first symptoms of the disease and take the necessary measures in time.

The main symptoms of varicose veins:

  • "Lead legs" (feelings of heaviness in the lower extremities).
  • Burning and pain in the legs.
  • Swelling of the legs in the evening.
  • Vascular networks.
  • Convulsions and involuntary movements of the limbs.
  • Visual expansion, swelling and darkening of the veins.
  • The appearance of seals, trophic ulcers, dark skin color in the lower leg area.

Important! If you ignore the main symptoms of the disease and do not seek help from a specialist, then serious complications are possible, which are solved only by surgical intervention.

Possible complications of varicose veins

Cause Complication
Thrombophlebitis In the inflamed areas of the veins, blood clots form, which clog the lumen in the vessels. The blood becomes viscous, making venous outflow difficult. Basically, the treatment is surgical.
Trophic ulcer Advanced form of varicose veins. The complication is formed for a long time, the significant permeability of the vascular wall of the veins increases, white seals appear. A minor injury can cause an ulcer to develop.
Phlebothrombosis The formation of a thrombus in the veins, which contributes to partial or complete blockage of the channel. A dangerous disease, since a blocked venous canal prevents blood flow, thereby disrupting the nutrition of cells.
Pulmonary embolism Dangerous obstruction of the pulmonary artery. The essence of the complication is that the formed thrombus blocks the arterial bed. The disease is very dangerous and very often leads to death.

Treatment of varicose veins

treatment for varicose veins in the legs

The treatment of this common disease must be taken seriously. The main thing is to notice the onset of development in time and provide timely treatment.

Varicose veins are treated with both folk remedies and medical measures (surgery) and drugs (ointments, gels).

Folk methods involve the use of various decoctions, compressors, tinctures, home-made ointments from plants and other natural products. Such methods are not so much treated as preventive actions.

But the main treatment for varicose veins in the lower extremities is surgery.

Types of surgical treatment for varicose veins:

  • Sclerotherapy- the method of treatment is based on the introduction of a drug into the inflamed veins, which causes replacement with new vessels. The method of treatment is quite well-known, simple, safe and most importantly - it gives a result. Every day the technology of this method is constantly developing, offering patients accelerated and accelerated courses of treatment for varicose veins.
  • Stripping- removal of inflamed areas of the veins after an ultrasound scan. Such an operation is safe and lasts quite quickly, since only the affected areas are removed.
  • Microphlebectomy- elimination of inflamed veins through microscopic skin punctures. Of the advantages, a high cosmetic effect can be noted, since the operation does not leave any scars.
  • Laser coagulation- a complex and expensive method of treating varicose veins, requiring professionalism and experience of the staff. At the moment it is one of the most effective treatments for this disease.

Remember! Timely access to a specialist and the start of treatment will prevent the further development of the disease.

Prevention of varicose veins

symptoms of varicose veins

Prevention of varicose veins is a whole system of methods aimed at preventing the occurrence of this disease.

First of all, it is necessary to build the correct regime during working hours and at home. This will reduce the load on the veins and vessels of the lower extremities. If the work involves a permanent sitting position, then it is necessary to carry out periodic warm-ups and exercises.

Categorically refuse clothes and underwear that strongly squeeze the lower limbs. This also applies to shoes, which should be comfortable. You will have to give up high heels, stilettos, etc.

Spend more time exercising and being outdoors. Swimming and cycling significantly improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system.

Be sure to monitor your weight and nutrition. Excess weight, bad habits and poor-quality nutrition are the main enemies of blood vessels.

Periodic contrast showers in the morning and drinking more than 2 liters of pure water per day will help prevent the appearance of varicose veins.

Alternative methods of treatment of varicose veins

green tomatoes

green tomatoes for varicose veins

We tie slices of green tomatoes with a bandage to the places of inflamed veins. Such a compress is placed at night for six months. It will allow you to relieve pain, swollen veins will noticeably become smaller, and after six months they will completely disappear.

Since it takes a long time to treat varicose veins with green tomatoes, be patient. The manipulation must be repeated. To do this, 2-3 minutes after removing the tomatoes, you need to cut a new tomato. Such manipulations are recommended to be carried out 4-5 times in a row for 14 days.

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs with green tomatoes has proven to be effective, many people notice improvements in a few days. A vegetable is also used in the event of capillary networks. In this case, you can use the recipe suggested above. But there is another option that may be even more convenient. Twist in a meat grinder or chop 2-3 tomatoes in a blender. Now you need a base - a dense film, on which you apply the crushed mass. Wrap the affected area with this compress and secure with an elastic bandage. Otherwise, the treatment regimen is the same as described above.

Milk and wormwood

wormwood and milk for varicose veins

The use of wormwood in general should be done with caution. First of all, you should apply it on a small surface of the skin of the legs to check the reaction of the body. Will repeat the steps within 3 days. If there is no negative reaction, continue the full treatment.

The course of treatment should not be long. Approximately 1. 5-2 weeks, and then take a break of 30 days. after 3-4 courses, therapy can and should be stopped. Material for external use can be bought at a pharmacy, but it is easy to make infusions and decoctions on your own, at home.

Mix sour milk with finely chopped wormwood. We put all this in a saucepan and let the broth boil. We wait until the broth has cooled, spread it on sore legs, fix it with a layer of bandage on top. Such a compress should be done once a week for 4-5 months. In parallel, it is desirable to eat as many apples of any variety as possible.

Nettle treatment

nettle for varicose veins

This method of treatment is long, but effective and safe. Pour 2 tbsp. spoons of dry nettle pour 250 ml of boiling water, leave for 60 minutes, filter and drink 70-80 ml three times a day. The course of treatment lasts up to six months. Throughout the course, it is necessary to exclude fried fish, meat, smoked foods from the diet and consume as many boiled foods as possible.

The second common folk recipe for the treatment of varicose veins is a nettle broom. It is recommended to pat such a broom on the legs until it is completely unusable. At the same time, at first there may be unpleasant sensations such as tingling and burning, but they will pass within a couple of hours. The therapeutic effect of nettle treatment will last for a long time.

Thanks to this recipe, more than 45% of patients forget about their doctors forever. There is a possibility that the operation, which until recently seemed the only possible treatment for this patient, will seem like nothing more than a nightmare.

"Hmelny" compress

hop cones for varicose veins

An excellent remedy for many vascular diseases, including varicose veins. We take 2-3 tbsp. tablespoons of grated hop cones and pour 400 ml of boiling water. We insist 30 minutes and take it orally three times a day before meals. Additionally, gauze can be soaked in the solution and applied to the legs.

To prepare a decoction for its use both internally and externally, you need to take one tablespoon of the cones of this plant, grind them thoroughly, pour one glass of boiled water and leave to boil in a water bath for fifteen minutes. After that, cool the broth, filter and take it one glass in the morning, afternoon and evening. It is very important that the intake of this decoction is carried out immediately before eating.

Varicose veins are a common and quite serious disease that can lead to death. But an active lifestyle, proper nutrition, disease prevention and periodic monitoring by a specialist will help to avoid an unpleasant illness. Be healthy!